Communication Disorders

Communication Disorders:

Communication Disorders – A Communication disorder is an impairment in the ability. recieve, send, process, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal and graphic Symbol Systems….. A Communication disorder may be evident in the -processes of hearing, language, and / or speech… “A Communication disorder may range in Severity from mild to Severe & profound..

According to DSM-5 Communication Disorders are:

  • Language Disorders
  • Speech Sound Disorder
  • Childhood-onset Fluency
  • Social (pragmatic) communication Disorder
  • Unspecified Communication Disorder

Communication disorders can be & grouped into four main Categories:

  • Speech Disorders
  • Language Disorder
  • Hearing Disorders
  • Central Auditory Processing Disorder

Injurious behavior or tantrums:- Not understanding other peoples feelings or perspectives… Hyper Sensitivity to lights, sounds and textures. children with Asperger’s Syndrome often Show no delays in their language development. They are likely to have good grammor. Skills and and advanced vocabulary, but they… also tend to be very literal. They have trouble using language in a Social context. There may be no obvious delay in heir Cognitive development. children with Asperger’s Syndrome can have problems with attention span and organization, but they. usually have average intelligence.

Rett’s Syndrome:- It is a rare genetic. neurological and developmental disorder. that affects the way the brain develops. This disorder causes a progressive loss… of motor skill and language. Rett Syndrome primarily affects females. most babies with Relf Syndrome Seem to develop as expected for the first Six months of life. There’s no cure, but medication, physio- and Speech therapy and nutritional support help manage symptoms, prevents complications and improve quality of life.

Communication Disorders may be developmental. or acquired. A communication disorder may result in a primary communication Disorders may be developmental. or acquired. A communication disorder may result in a primary disability or secondary, Other disabilities.

Autism Spectrum Disorders:-

A Serious developmental disorder that impairs the ability to communicate and interact Autism Spectrum disorder impacts the nervous System and affects the overall cognitive, emotional, social and physical health of the affected individual.

Autistic people may act in a different. way to other people:

ASD people may:

  • Find it hard to communicate and interact with other people
  • Find it hard to understand how other people think or feel
  • Find things like bright lights or loud noises overwhelming, Stressful or uncomfortable
  • Get anxious or upset about unfamiliar Situation and Social events
  • Take longer to understand information
  • Do or think the Same things over and over

Fragile X Syndrome – FXS:

Fragile X Syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by changes in a gene… Called Fragile X Messenger Ribonercleoprokin !(EMRI). FMRI usually makes a protein. called FMRP. that is needed for brain. development People who have FXS do not make this protein, FXS is a genetic condition Causing. intellectual disability (mild to severe), 9t. affects both males and females, but females. usually have milder Symptoms. Symptoms. include delays in talking, anxiety. hyperactive behavior. Some people Seizures.

Down’s Syndrome / trisomy 21:

A genetic chromosome 21 disorder • causing developmental and intellectual delays. Down’s Syndrome is a genetic disorder Caused when abnormal cell division results in extra genetic material from chromosome 21 (Trisomy 1).Down’s Syndrome causes a distinct facial -appearance, intellectual disability, and developmental delays. It may be associated with thyroid or heart disease. Multisystem involvement can be there.

Asperger’s Syndrome:

It is a developmental disorder. young people with Asperger’s Syndrome have difficult time relating to others Socially and their behavior and thinking patterns can be rigid and repetitive.
Children and teens with Asperger’s Syndrome Can Speak with others and Can perform fairly well in their Social work. However, they have trouble understanding Social Situations and Subtle form of communication Like body language, humor and Sarcasm. They aight also think and talk a lot about one or interest or only want to do a Small range activities. These interests can become obsessive and interfere with everyday life, rather than giving the child a healthy Social or recreational outlet.

Children with Asperger’s Syndrome exhibit poor. Social interactions, obssessions, odd Speech patterns limited facial expressions and other peculiar mannerisms. They might engage in obsessive routines and Show and unusual sensitivity to Sensory Stimuli,


  • In appropriate or minimal Social Interactions
  • Conversations that almost always revolve. around themselves or a certain topic, rather than others
  • Not understanding emotions well or having less facial expression than others
  • Speech that sounds unusual, such as flit,. high-pitched, quiet, loud, or robotic
  • Not using understanding nonverbal communication, such as gestures, body language. and facial expression
  • An intense obsession with one or two Specific, narrow subjects
  • Becoming upset at any small changes in routines
  • Memorizing preferred information and facts easily
  • Clumsy, unco-ordinated movements, including difficulty in handwriting
  • Difficulty in managing emotions, Sometimes leading to verbal or behavioral outbursts

Specific language impairments (SLI):

Specific language impairments (SLI) is a communication disorder that interferes with the development of language skills. in children who have no hearing loss. 3L1 can affect a child’s speaking, listening eading and writings. SLI is also called developmental language disorder, Language delay, or developmental dysphasia.

Kline belter Syndrome. 47xxx, xxx syndrome A genetic condition in which a copy of The XChromosome Klinefelter’s Syndrome isn’t inherited, but rather occurs only as a result of a random… genetic error after conception. It occurs due to meiotic nondisjunction of chromosome.. Males born with Klinefelter syndrome may y have low testosterone and reduced. muscle mass, facial hair and body hair. Host males with this condition produce little or no Sperm.

Turner Syndrome:

Turner Syndrome – A chromosomal disorder in which a female is born with only Chromosome. One ‘x’ Turner Syndrome results from a missing or incomplete sex chromosome, the absence of one x Chromosome. Symptoms include short stature, delayed puberty. Infertility, heart defects and Contain learning disabilities.

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